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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Among the emerging issues that negatively impact student success and health are the use of electronic cigarette and vaping devices, increasing nicotine addiction among youth, and the "Triangulum" of tobacco, cannabis, and vaping.

 Vaping 101

Since their widespread commercial release in 2009, there has been a consistent increase in the use of electronic cigarettes or “vapes”. The rise in use by youth is an alarming concern that is the main focus of many prevention programs.


Anatomy of ​an E-Cigarette

Image from: Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit

Components of E-Liquid​​


 Vaping Resources

CDE - Electronic Cigarette and Vaping Devices Factsheet

Electronic Cigarettes and Vaping Devices: Nicotine Addiction Repackaged. This factsheet is designed to take a closer look at c-cigarettes, their health impacts on students, and current trends of e-cigarette use among American youth.

CDE - School E-Cigarette Toolkit

School E-Cigarette Toolkit: Addressing Student Use of E-Cigarettes. This toolkit is ​designed to guide district and school administrators in addressing the alarming increase in use of e-cigarettes among students.​​​

Partnership to End Addiction - Vaping & E-Cigarettes

Read about vaping, signs of use, and ways to prevent and address​ teen vaping. Check out the "Vaping Guide for Parents" in English and Spanish.

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CDC - E-Cigarettes and Youth - What Educators and Coaches Need to Know

Learn about vape devices, impacts on adolescent health, and prevention strategies for educators.​​​​


 Nicotine Addiction

According to the National Institute of Health, nicotine is especially harmful to youth because their brain is still developing and this makes it easier for them to become hooked. It can cause other long-lasting consequences in the brain, including making it more difficult to concentrate, learn, or control impulses.

Image from: Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit

According to Stanford University, vape manufacturers have also developed nicotine salts, which may be more concentrated and less harsh on the throat. This is of particular concern because it allows for nicotine to be used more easily, which increases the likelihood of trying an e-cigarette and becoming dependent. The milligrams of nicotine found in a pod is more than double the amount of nicotine in a pack of cigarettes.​​​​​​​​

 Nicotine Resources

Stanford Tobacco Prevention Toolkit

Tobacco and vaping prevention curricula and ready-to-share resources, such as the "Cigs in a Pod" image found above.

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Smokefree Teen - Nicotine & Addiction

Explore topics such as nicotine addiction among youth, risks, and tips for quitting tobacco and vape use.

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 The Triangulum

The Triangulum refers to the intersection of tobacco, marijuana, and e-cigarettes, the latter being a delivery device for both, in addition to other substances. According to the California Department of Public Health (CDPH), cannabis can adversely affect the health of youth.
  • Like cigarettes, smoking cannabis is harmful to your lungs.
  • Edibles may have higher concentrations of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). If you eat too much, too fast, you are at higher risk for poisoning.
  • Using cannabis regularly during teenage years and early 20s may lead to physical changes in the brain.
The triangulum.png

TUPE Funded Programs

TUPE funds can be used to address the Triangulum in the following ways:

  • Educate students, staff, families, and communities on the Triangulum
  • Survey administration and collect data on co-use and vaping
  • Form interagency partnerships and engage with existing coalitions
  • Create youth development opportunities and learning service projects that focus on refusal skills and making healthy choices​​

 Triangulum Resources

CDE Webinar Series - The Triangulum: Tobacco-Vaping-Marijuana

Webinar #1: TEROC Guidance grounds the audience on the definition of the triangulum, its implications, and provides guidance on utilizing TUPE funds to protect youth.

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CDE Webinar Series - The Triangulum: Tobacco-Vaping-Marijuana

Webinar #2: Education and Youth Development provides the audience with information on strategies that can be used to keep youth from becoming hooked by the triangulum.

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CDE - Triangulum Factsheet

The Triangulum: Tobacco-Marijuana-Vaping - Protecting Youth with TUPE Funds. ​This fact sheet defines the triangulum and explains how to use TUPE funds to prevent the vaping and co-use of marijuana and tobacco.

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Stanford - Cannabis Awareness & Prevention Toolkit

A set of cannabis prevention lessons and​​ resources that can be adapted to fit the individual needs of educators and students in various settings​, including elementary, middle, and high schools.

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